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Notice to Users of CSRS-PPP

CSRS-PPP update – Automatic decimation of high-rate static submissions

Beginning Friday, March 26, 2021, the CSRS-PPP service will automatically decimate high-rate static datasets to a data rate of 30 seconds. This will affect only dual-frequency, static datasets containing both code and phase data for which at least 75% of the expected 30 second intervals are available. For all other data sets, there will be no impact.

What are the benefits to automatically decimating high-rate static data sets?

Automatically decimating high-rate data sets in static mode has benefits for the CSRS-PPP service, as well as the user. These include:

  • Significantly reducing the processing time for each submission, allowing users to receive their results quicker while also reducing the amount of computing resources required.
  • In static mode, processing data at rates higher than 30 seconds does not improve the accuracy of the solution. In fact, for short data sets it can actually reduce the accuracy. This is because CSRS-PPP uses precise GNSS clock products at a 30-second rate.

The following results show the RMS of the differences between CSRS-PPP and daily IGS estimated positions, for different observation session lengths (30 min, 1h and 24h), processed in static mode at 30 s and 1 s observation intervals.

Figure 1 SPARK v3 results with different sampling intervals (30 s and  1s)<br>17 CACS files (30min-1h-24h obs) - SPARK v3.45.0 - AR - Static mode - GNSS (GPS+GLONASS)
Figure 1 SPARK v3 results with different sampling intervals (30 s and 1s)
17 CACS files (30min-1h-24h obs) - SPARK v3.45.0 - AR - Static mode - GNSS (GPS+GLONASS)
CSRS-PPP service upgrade from version 2 to version 3

The Canadian Geodetic Survey (CGS) of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) updated the Canadian Spatial Reference System Precise Point Positioning (CSRS-PPP) service on Tuesday 20 October 2020. This CSRS-PPP modernization includes PPP with ambiguity resolution (PPP-AR) for data collected on or after 1 January 2018. At the same time, there will also be updates to CSRS-PPP outputs.

What are the benefits of PPP with ambiguity resolution (PPP-AR)?

Ambiguity resolution offers significant benefits for users by transforming ambiguous carrier-phase observations into precise ranges. As a result, centimeter-level accuracies can often be obtained more rapidly. Furthermore, due to satellite geometry, resolving carrier-phase ambiguities results in improved estimates for the longitude (east) component.

Who can benefit from PPP-AR?

Dual-frequency GPS data collected on or after 1 January 2018 can be processed with PPP-AR using the new products of NRCan. Data collected before this date will continue to be processed in float mode using the International GNSS Service (IGS) products.

Why will data collected before 1 January 2018 not be processed with PPP-AR?

New PPP-AR-capable products are, for the moment, only available for data collected on or after 1 January 2018. Prior to this date, there were not enough analysis centers that provided satellite phase biases consistent with satellites' orbits and clocks; these biases are required for ambiguity resolution.

New features

The main novelty of CSRS-PPP version 3 is the implementation of PPP-AR algorithms. Apart from this substantial change, other modifications could impact results with respect to CSRS-PPP version 2; a tutorial is available to describe these modifications.

NRCan is also now generating new PPP-AR-capable products with improved latencies:

  • DCU: Hourly ultra-rapid products available about 60 minutes after the end of each hour. Note: Both GPS and GLONASS orbits are now available with the same latency.
  • DCR: Daily rapid products available about 12 hours after the end of each day.
  • DCF: Weekly final products available about 12 days after the end of each week. Includes GPS satellite orbits from the IGS, NRCan final GLONASS orbits, and an NRCan final clock combination.
What will be the impact on users?

  • Submission interfaces and input options will not change
  • Some outputs will change:
    • Information on the percentage of fixed ambiguities, as well as a new ambiguity status plot will be added to the solution report (.pdf)
    • The percentage of fixed ambiguities will be reported in the '.sum' file under the tag "IAR"
    • The tropospheric zenith delay and receiver clock estimates will be moved from the '.pos' file to the '.tro' and '.clk' files, respectively

The new CSRS-PPP outputs

Information detailing the file formats for all new and updated output files are provided in advance, allowing you to familiarize yourself with the new outputs.

  • A solution report (.pdf) presenting the PPP results in a combination of textual and graphical information. For report descriptions, see:
  • A summary file (.sum) which contains the parameters and the results of the PPP processing in (a machine-readable) text format. See summary description.
  • *UPDATED for version 3* A position file (.pos) containing the positioning information for each epoch processed. See updated position file description.
  • *NEW for version 3* A tropospheric zenith delay file (.tro) containing dry and wet zenith path delay and tropospheric gradient for each epoch processed. See tropospheric zenith delay file description.
  • *NEW for version 3* A RINEX_CLOCK format file (.clk) containing the receiver clock offset and the clock offset sigma (95%) for each epoch processed. See clock file description.
  • A comma-separated format text file (.csv) containing the positioning and clock information for each epoch processed.
  • A JSON format residual file (.res) containing the solution residuals for each epoch/signal pair. See residual file description. Note that a tool to transform residual files from JSON format to text (ASCII) format is available here.
  • An error file in text (.txt) format containing any errors or warnings from the processing.

Sample output files: Static solution, Kinematic solution, Residual file

How can you access help?

If you have questions or encounter issues that require assistance from CGS staff, please contact us by email.

We look forward to providing an improved positioning service with this new version.

Use of Canadian Geodetic Survey products and data is subject to the Open Government Licence - Canada

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